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Minoxidil (Rogaine) for Hair Loss

Rogaine may seem like a quick fix for hair loss. Many individuals may use or are familiar with this product, but is it effective for combating hair loss?

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What Is the History of Rogaine?

In the 1950s, the Upjohn Company developed minoxidil and tested it to see if it could cure ulcers. Tests showed that it did not work as a cure for ulcers but instead discovered the product was a vasodilator. It opens up blood vessels and also helps regulate blood pressure. In the late 1970s, the FDA approved this compound to be distributed as Loniten in the form of oral pills. It was a treatment for high blood pressure.

In 1988, Loniten’s manufacturer received a new patent, and the FDA approved it to be sold as Rogaine.

In 1991, minoxidil was produced for women. Later, in 1996, Rogaine got approval to be sold over the counter (OTC).

Some people might think that Rogaine and Propecia are the same. But they’re different. Rogaine is a drug that individuals must take daily, while Propecia is only taken once a day for three months. The dose of Rogaine is 2 milliliters per day, but the dose of Propecia can change from person to person. Both drugs have side effects such as hair thinning and headaches.

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Minoxidil (Rogaine) Explained

If you’re losing significant amounts of hair, perhaps you’ve heard…..

Drug Classification

Rogaine is a vasodilator that opens blood vessels…..

Action Mechanisms

Vasodilators work by opening blood vessels and permitting the free…..

Approved Applications

Topical minoxidil can treat hair loss in adults 18 and older…..


Today, you can find minoxidil in 5% and 2% formulations…..

Minoxidil (Rogaine) Explained

If you’re losing significant amounts of hair, perhaps you’ve heard about minoxidil. It is the most familiar name for this type of hair regrowth medication.

As explained above, Rogaine is a topical serum originally developed as an oral blood pressure treatment. It appears to have an unintended consequence of promoting hair growth, density, and strength.

This well-known hair loss treatment is a liquid or foam that doctors can use to treat male and female pattern baldness. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has licensed this product.

Clinical studies show that Rogaine works for some people. The medicine may only work on certain types of baldness, and it may not work for everyone. If it does work, you will not get all your hair back, and you might need to use Rogaine for up to four months before you see results. If you keep the hair regrowth, you will need to use Rogaine on a long-term basis again.

Drug Classification

Rogaine is a vasodilator that opens blood vessels and allows the smooth flow of blood, but it can also make hair follicles grow larger and make the growth period longer.

Action Mechanisms

Vasodilators work by opening blood vessels and permitting the free movement of blood flow to become eased. As blood vessels expand, they decrease pressure on the cardiovascular system. People with high blood pressure need relief from stress to prevent heart attacks.

Scientists are still not 100% certain how minoxidil works, but they think it starts by dilating the blood vessels in your scalp. Minoxidil makes more ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This production is a good thing because hair grows better when more ATP is in it. Men who have baldness may benefit from this treatment, in addition to women losing their hair over time.

Another possible adverse effect of minoxidil is that it can cause hair to grow in places on your body that you don’t desire. When used at a more significant dose, it may cause people to develop facial hair. However, all minoxidil formulations for men and women are the same, but you can adjust this formulation by using a smaller dose.

Approved Applications

Topical minoxidil can treat hair loss in adults 18 and older. It’s also an effective treatment for high blood pressure if you’re in the correct age range.


Today, you can find minoxidil in 5% and 2% formulations. Minoxidil works best when used in a liquid form applied to the scalp twice a day. It also works in foam form if applied two times per day. You should put 1 milliliter of the liquid from the bottle on your scalp twice a day. You should also use half a cupful of foam once or twice each day. When you use it properly, you will see the new hair growth and increased density and thickness of your hair.

Minoxidil for Hair Loss: How to Use It

Make sure your scalp is clean and dry before applying minoxidil. You can use this product on damp hair, but it must be dry on the scalp. Fill the applicator with 1 milliliter of medication or 20 drops using an eyedropper for the liquid solution. Apply the liquid solution equally dispersed to the damaged area of the scalp by parting your hair in the thinning area. Rub it lightly. Before using other styling products, or before going to sleep, make sure the solution is totally dry.

You can use the foam solution in the same way as the liquid solution but with a different dosage. First, wash your hands in cold water and thoroughly dry them. Apply half a capful of foam to the scalp and massage it in gently. Allow the foam to dry entirely before styling your hair or going to bed.

You should avoid using minoxidil on days when you color your hair or have it chemically treated since it can cause discomfort to your scalp.

If your doctor tells you to, don’t use it on other parts of your body. Minoxidil should not be used on red, painful, irritated, scraped, cut, or infected skin. You also shouldn’t use it on inflamed or burnt scalps. This use may cause the medicine to get absorbed into your body, which can have serious side effects. This product may include alcohol, irritating and drying up the scalp.

Whether you used the liquid or foam treatment, wash your hands well afterward. Make sure you don’t get any of the medication in your eyes. If you do, rinse your eyes with plenty of cool water immediately.

Hair regrowth is a lengthy process. To get effective results, you must use minoxidil for four months. After four to six months, consult your doctor if your condition hasn’t improved or has worsened. If you do not see any improvement after six to 12 months, your doctor might recommend finasteride or hair transplants.

Side Effects

Tell your doctor if you’ve had an unexpected or adverse reaction to this medicine in the past. Some burning, stinging, or redness at the site where you applied this medicine may occur. These symptoms will go away without medical help. Many people who use this drug have no major adverse effects. However, if you experience any of the following symptoms of serious side effects, stop taking this medication and get medical care immediately.

  • Hair follicle inflammation
  • Increasing hair loss
  • Unwanted hair on the face or on the body
  • Hands and feet swelling
  • Blurriness or vision changes
  • Achy chest
  • Severe dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Tiredness
  • Heartbeats that are fast or irregular
  • Weight increase that is unusual for you
  • Headaches that come and go
  • Breathing problems, particularly while lying down

If you notice any of the following uncommon adverse effects, stop using minoxidil immediately and contact your doctor.

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Is Minoxidil (Rogaine) Effective in the Treatment of Hair Loss?

Doctors use minoxidil to treat male pattern baldness and when finasteride hasn’t resulted in a visible rise in hair growth on the scalp. Finasteride is the most effective non-surgical choice for the majority of men. Some people respond well to minoxidil, while finasteride is the most effective non-surgical option for others. On the other hand, finasteride is effective at preventing hair loss. This medicine causes a considerable rise in hair growth on the scalp, according to research published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

The patient’s particular needs determine whether doctors should use finasteride or minoxidil. Before deciding on your chosen hair loss treatment, talk with your doctor.

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Are You Prepared to Move Forward With Your Hair Loss Treatment?

If minoxidil isn’t working for you and you’re seeking a more long-term solution to your hair loss problems, make an appointment for an initial consultation.

You can also view our videos, before and after images, and inspiring testimonials from our clients about our products and services. Why don’t you give us a call to talk about your treatment options?

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